How the Data Stores in SQL Server

How the Data Stores in SQL Server


Data Page

Data pages are the fundamental area to store data in SQL server.
The data pages contains
  1. Pages header
  2. Data Row
  3. Row Offset or pointers.
The maximum size of a data page is 8 KB
Extents
Extents are basic units in which page are managed. An extents are 8 physical continuous pages, that is 8*8=64 KB.

SQL Server has two types of extents:

·             Uniform extents are owned by a single object; all eight pages in the extent can   only be used by the owning object.
·             Mixed extents are shared by up to eight objects. Each of the eight pages in the extent can be owned by a different object.



Type of Data Pages


The following table shows the page types used in the data files of a SQL Server database.

Page type
Contents
Data
Data rows with all data, except text, ntext, image, nvarchar(max), varchar(max), varbinary(max), and xml data, when text in row is set to ON.
Index
Index entries.
Text/Image
Large object data types:
·             text, ntext, image, nvarchar(max), varchar(max), varbinary(max), and xml data
Variable length columns when the data row exceeds 8 KB:
·             varchar, nvarchar, varbinary, and sql_variant
Global Allocation Map, Shared Global Allocation Map
Information about whether extents are allocated.
Page Free Space
Information about page allocation and free space available on pages.
Index Allocation Map
Information about extents used by a table or index per allocation unit.
Bulk Changed Map
Information about extents modified by bulk operations since the last BACKUP LOG statement per allocation unit.
Differential Changed Map
Information about extents that have changed since the last BACKUP DATABASE statement per allocation unit.

Published by : Mr. Joydeep Das

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